Random-field random surfaces

Paul Dario, Matan Harel, Ron Peled*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study how the typical gradient and typical height of a random surface are modified by the addition of quenched disorder in the form of a random independent external field. The results provide quantitative estimates, sharp up to multiplicative constants, in the following cases. It is shown that for real-valued random-field random surfaces of the ∇ ϕ type with a uniformly convex interaction potential: (i) The gradient of the surface delocalizes in dimensions 1 ≤ d≤ 2 and localizes in dimensions d≥ 3. (ii) The surface delocalizes in dimensions 1 ≤ d≤ 4 and localizes in dimensions d≥ 5. It is further shown that for the integer-valued random-field Gaussian free field: (i) The gradient of the surface delocalizes in dimensions d= 1 , 2 and localizes in dimensions d≥ 3. (ii) The surface delocalizes in dimensions d= 1 , 2. (iii) The surface localizes in dimensions d≥ 3 at low temperature and weak disorder strength. The behavior in dimensions d≥ 3 at high temperature or strong disorder is left open. The proofs rely on several tools: Explicit identities satisfied by the expectation of the random surface, the Efron–Stein concentration inequality, a coupling argument for Langevin dynamics (originally due to Funaki and Spohn (Comm Math Phys 185(1): 1-36, 1997) and the Nash–Aronson estimate.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProbability Theory and Related Fields
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
European Research Council678520
Israel Science Foundation1971/19, 861/15

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