TY - JOUR

T1 - Random close packing from hard-sphere Percus-Yevick theory

AU - Katzav, Eytan

AU - Berdichevsky, Ruslan

AU - Schwartz, Moshe

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Physical Society.

PY - 2019/1/30

Y1 - 2019/1/30

N2 - The Percus-Yevick theory for monodisperse hard spheres gives very good results for the pressure and structure factor of the system in a whole range of densities that lie within the liquid phase. However, the equation seems to lead to a very unacceptable result beyond that region. Namely, the Percus-Yevick theory predicts a smooth behavior of the pressure that diverges only when the volume fraction η approaches unity. Thus, within the theory there seems to be no indication for the termination of the liquid phase and the transition to a solid or to a glass. In the present article we study the Percus-Yevick hard-sphere pair distribution function, g2(r), for various spatial dimensions. We find that beyond a certain critical volume fraction ηc, the pair distribution function, g2(r), which should be positive definite, becomes negative at some distances. We also present an intriguing observation that the critical ηc values we find are consistent with volume fractions where onsets of random close packing (or maximally random jammed states) are reported in the literature for various dimensions. That observation is supported by an intuitive argument. This work may have important implications for other systems for which a Percus-Yevick theory exists.

AB - The Percus-Yevick theory for monodisperse hard spheres gives very good results for the pressure and structure factor of the system in a whole range of densities that lie within the liquid phase. However, the equation seems to lead to a very unacceptable result beyond that region. Namely, the Percus-Yevick theory predicts a smooth behavior of the pressure that diverges only when the volume fraction η approaches unity. Thus, within the theory there seems to be no indication for the termination of the liquid phase and the transition to a solid or to a glass. In the present article we study the Percus-Yevick hard-sphere pair distribution function, g2(r), for various spatial dimensions. We find that beyond a certain critical volume fraction ηc, the pair distribution function, g2(r), which should be positive definite, becomes negative at some distances. We also present an intriguing observation that the critical ηc values we find are consistent with volume fractions where onsets of random close packing (or maximally random jammed states) are reported in the literature for various dimensions. That observation is supported by an intuitive argument. This work may have important implications for other systems for which a Percus-Yevick theory exists.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061288791&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.99.012146

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.99.012146

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AN - SCOPUS:85061288791

SN - 2470-0045

VL - 99

JO - Physical Review E

JF - Physical Review E

IS - 1

M1 - 012146

ER -