Radioimmunoassay of apolipoprotein A-I of rat serum

Menahem Fainaru, Richard J. Havel, Tünde E. Felker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A double antibody radioimmunoassay technique was developed for quantification of apolipoprotein A-I, the major apoprotein of rat high density lipoprotein. Apo A-I was labeled with 125I by the chloramine-T method. 125I-labeled apo A-I had the same electrophoretic mobility as unlabeled apo A-I and more than 80% of the 125I was precipitated by rabbit anti apo A-I antibodies. The assay is sensitive at the level of 0.5-5 ng, and has intraassay and interassay coefficients of variation of 4.5 and 6.5% respectively. The specify of the assay was established by competitive displacement of 125I-labeled apo A-I from its antibody by apo A-I and lipoproteins containing apo A-I, but not by rat albumin and other apoproteins. Immunoreactivity of high density lipoprotein and serum was only about 35% of that of their delipidated forms when Veronal buffer was used as a diluent. Inclusion of 5 mM sodium decyl sulfate in the incubation mixture brought out reactivity equivalent to that found after delipidation. Completeness of the reaction was verified by comparison with the amount of apo A-I in chromatographic fractions of the total apoprotein of high density lipoprotein. Content (weight % mean values ± S.D.) of immunoassayable apo A-I was: 62.3 ± 5.9 in high density lipoprotein; 1.7 ± 0.3 in low density lipoprotein; 0.09 ± 0.03 in very low density lipoprotein and 25.0 ± 5.0 in lymph chylomicrons. Concentration in whole serum was 51.4 ± 8.9 mg/dl and 33.6 ± 4.1 mg/dl for female and male rats, respectively (p < 0.002), equivalent to the sex difference in concentration of high density lipoprotein. 95% of the apo A-I in serum was in high density lipoprotein, 5% in proteins of d > 1.21 g/ml and <1% in lipoproteins of d < 1.063 g/ml.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-68
Number of pages13
JournalBBA - Protein Structure
Issue number1
StatePublished - 28 Sep 1976
Externally publishedYes


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