Radiographic features of vertically fractured endodontically treated mesial roots of mandibular molars

Aviad Tamse*, Israel Kaffe, Joseph Lustig, Yehuda Ganor, Zvi Fuss

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the most frequent radiographic appearance of bony lesions around endodontically treated vertically fractured mesial roots of mandibular molars. Study design: For the study, 49 extracted mesial roots with vertical fractures (study group) were evaluated and compared to 52 extracted roots without fractures (control). Results: The "halo" (36.7%) and "periodontal" (28.6%) type radiolucencies were the most typical appearances of periradicular areas around the mesial roots of mandibular molars with vertical root fractures. By itself, bifurcation radiolucency was statistically insignificant (6.1%), however in conjunction with other areas of radiolucency, it was significant (63.3%, P < .0378). No radiolucency (38.5%) and periapical radiolucency (32.7%) were predominant features in the control (nonfractured roots). Amalgam dowel in the coronal part (1-2 mm) of the root was found in 67.3% of the vertically fractured roots (P < .0006). Defined but not corticated (57.2%) or diffuse (32.6%) borders were typical for vertically fractured mesial roots. Conclusions: The use of significant variables, such as "periodontal" and "halo" bony radiolucencies, bifurcation involvement, and the presence of amalgam dowel, has prediction sensitivity of 77.6% (VRF group) and specificity of 82.7% (nonfractured roots).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-802
Number of pages6
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2006

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