Accurate quantitative measurements of the spine are essential for deformity diagnosis and assessment of curve progression. There is much concern related to the multiple exposures to ionizing radiation associated with the Cobb method of radiographic measurement, currently the standard procedure for diagnosis and follow-up of the progression of scoliosis. In addition, the Cobb method relies on 2-D analysis of a 3-D deformity. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the clinical value of Ortelius800™ that provides a radiation-free method for scoliosis assessment in three planes (coronal, sagittal, apical), with simultaneous automatic calculation of the Cobb angle in both coronal and sagittal views. Analysis of the clinical value of the device for assessing spinal deformities was performed on patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, deformity angles ranging from 10° to 48°. Correlation between Cobb angles measured manually on standard erect posteroanterior radiographs and those calculated by Ortelius800™ showed an absolute difference between the measurements to be significantly less than ± 5° for coronal measurements and significantly less than ± 6° for sagittal measurements indicating good correlation between the two methods. The measurements from four independent sites and six independent examiners were not significantly different. We found the novel clinical tool to be reliable for following mild and moderate idiopathic curves in both coronal and sagittal planes, without exposing the patient to ionizing radiation. Considering the need for further validation of this new method, any change in treatment protocol should still be based on radiographic control.
- 3-D assessment