Quinacrine added to ongoing therapeutic regimens attenuates anticardiolipin antibody production in SLE

E. Toubi, A. Kessel, I. Rosner, M. Rozenbaum, M. Lorber, D. Paran, E. Sabo, T. D. Golan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The benefit of combining quinacrine (Qn) with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was previously re-evaluated by us. In our current study we observed that, in 11 active SLE patients (SLEDAI score 5-12), the addition of Qn (100 mg/day) to their existing ongoing therapeutic regimens resulted in a significant attenuation of their previously persistent anticardiolipin antibody (aCL) response. This was in comparison with a matched non-Qn treated control group composed of 14 randomly chosen aCL-positive SLE patients with a similar SLEDAI score 6-10. Prior to Qn treatment the therapeutic regimens of 12 months' duration, included in all cases HCQ (400mg/day), in many cases prednisone (P, 10-20 mg/day) and in some additional cases immunosuppressive drugs. SLEDAI scores and aCL levels were monitored during the entire follow-up period which totaled 24 months in the study group and 15-18 months in the controls. Along with the beneficial effect of the added Qn on SLEDAI scores, aCL disappearance was documented in eight of 11 patients and remained negative during 8-12 months of follow-up (P = 0.004), compared with such a change in only three of 14 non-Qn treated aCL-positive patients (P = 0.18). We conclude that the added Qn treatment to former established therapeutic protocols may eliminate aCL response in SLE patients. Whether this agent's effect is permanent needs further elucidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-301
Number of pages5
JournalLupus
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

Keywords

  • Anticardiolipin
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Quinacrine
  • SLE

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