Quietists Turned Activists: the Shi‘i Revolution in Iraq

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


For twenty-five years the Islamic Republic of Iran worked assiduously to export the Islamic revolution to Iraq via the Iraqi Shi‘i population, but to no avail. Ironically, it was in the final analysis a foreign Christian power, the United States, which triggered, maybe inadvertently, such a revolution in the aftermath of the 2003 Gulf War. However, the Iraqi revolution differed from the Iranian one in many respects: it was carried out from without, not from within; it did not have one accepted Iraqi charismatic leader, such as Khomeini, and it was not spontaneous. The results were, nonetheless, revolutionary in the sense that Islamic political movements came to reign in Iraq and that the Shi‘is ascended to power for the first time since the establishment of modern Iraq in 1920.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Sunna and Shi’a in History
Subtitle of host publicationDivision and Ecumenism in the Muslim Middle East
EditorsOfra Bengio, Meir Litvak
Place of PublicationNew York, N.Y
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)023012092X, 023037073X, 1137495065, 1283440296, 9780230370739, 9786613440297, 9781137495068
ISBN (Print)9780230120921, 9781137485588
StatePublished - 2011


  • Terrorist Attack
  • Arab World
  • Muslim World
  • Boundary Marker
  • American Occupation

ULI Keywords

  • uli


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