Quasicompactons in inverted nonlinear photonic crystals

Yongyao Li, Boris A. Malomed, Jianxiong Wu, Wei Pang, Sicong Wang, Jianying Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study large-amplitude one-dimensional solitary waves in photonic crystals featuring competition between linear and nonlinear lattices, with minima of the linear potential coinciding with maxima of the nonlinear pseudopotential, and vice versa (inverted nonlinear photonic crystals, INPCs), in the case of the saturable self-focusing nonlinearity. Such crystals were recently fabricated using a mixture of SU-8 and Rhodamine-B optical materials. By means of numerical methods and analytical approximations, we find that large-amplitude solitons are broad sharply localized stable pulses (quasicompactons, QCs). With the increase of the total power, P, the QC's centroid performs multiple switchings between minima and maxima of the linear potential. Unlike cubic INPCs, the large-amplitude solitons are mobile in the medium with the saturable nonlinearity. The threshold value of the kick necessary to set the soliton in motion is found as a function of P. Collisions between moving QCs are considered too.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043839
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Oct 2011

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