Quantitative T2 mapping for detection and quantification of thrombophlebitis in a rabbit model

Dar Weiss*, Oren M. Rotman, Shmuel Einav

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Short peripheral catheter thrombophlebitis (SPCT), a sterile inflammation of the vein wall, is the most common complication associated with short peripheral catheters (SPCs) and affects up to 80% of hospitalized patients receiving IV therapy. Extensive research efforts have been devoted for improvement and optimization of the catheter material, but means for examination of any novel design are limited, inaccurate and require costly comprehensive pre-clinical and clinical trials. Therefore, there is a conclusive need for a reliable quantitative method for evaluation of SPCT, in particular for research purposes examining the thrombophlebitis-related symptoms of any novel catheter design. In this study, we developed for the first time a quantitative MRI based tool for evaluation of SPCT. The extent and severity of SPCT caused by two different commercially available SPCs with known predisposition for thrombophlebitis, were studied in a rabbit model. MRI analysis was consistent with the standardized pathology evaluation and showed remarkable difference in the percent of edema between the experimental groups. These differences were in line with previous studies and provide evidence that this type of analysis may be useful for future assessment of SPCT in vivo. As a non-invasive method, it may constitute a cost effective solution for examination of new catheters and other medical devices, thereby reducing the need for animal sacrifice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-157
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
StatePublished - 4 Jan 2017


  • Edema
  • Inflammation
  • MRI
  • Peripheral catheter
  • Thrombophlebitis


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