We and others have shown that normal myocardium exhibits 4 to 5 dB diastolic-to-systolic cyclic variation (CV) of integrated backscatter. To investigate the effect of intramyocardial contrast on integrated backscatter, we injected 5% sonicated albumin, containing microbubbles in the range of 5 µm in diameter, into the left atrium in nine open-chest dogs. The dogs were anesthetized and placed in the right lateral decubitus position on a specially designed table with a cutout allowing ultrasound imaging from below. Ultrasonic data was obtained from the right precordium by use of a prototype M-mode integrated backscatter system implemented in a commercially available two-dimensional system. Usable data were obtained in eight of nine dogs. Integrated backscatter increased up to 13 dB after contrast injections. There was a significantly decreased CV of integrated backscatter during myocardial contrast in all eight dogs. The mean level of CV of integrated backscatter for the eight dogs decreased from 4.7 dB (530 beats analyzed) without contrast to 2.8 dB during contrast (436 beats analyzed). There was a trend to greater CV at higher levels of contrast. Septal excursion, as measured by M-mode echocardiography simultaneously with integrated backscatter by the same ultrasound beam, was similar with and without contrast (mean 8.2 vs 8.3 mm). Thus left atrium contrast injection produces quantitatively measurable integrated backscatter effects. Cyclic variation of integrated backscatter decreases with contrast. However, at higher contrast levels the decrease tends to be smaller. These effects should be considered during quantitative tissue characterization and myocardial contrast studies.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - 1994|