Quantitative Evaluation of Local Control and Wound Healing Following Surgery and Stereotactic Spine Radiosurgery for Spine Tumors

Ran Harel, Todd Emch, Samuel Chao, Paul Elson, Ajit Krishnaney, Toufik Djemil, John Suh, Lilyana Angelov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The present study evaluated the optimal measuring criteria to assess spinal tumor response to surgery followed by stereotactic spine radiosurgery (SRS) and reports the local control and wound complication rates following combined multimodality treatment. Methods and Materials Prospectively collected patient information was retrospectively reviewed to identify patients treated with spine surgery followed by SRS. Tumor sizes and volumetric assessment were formally measured. Local control status was defined according to World Health Organization (WHO, bidimensional), RECIST (unidimensional), or volumetric size change. Statistical comparative assessments of tumor measurements were performed. Results Twenty-two patients were eligible for evaluation after having undergone surgery followed by single-fraction SRS within a 2-month period. Seventeen had follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a mean patient follow-up of 12.59 months (range 3-36 months). None developed wound complication after radiation therapy (95% lower confidence bound 13%). Two patients had clinical recurrence while 15 of 17 achieved local control (88.3%). A test of marginal homogeneity for RECIST versus WHO was not statistically significant, P = 1.0 suggesting similar response classifications with both systems. Spearman correlations among 1) volumetric assessment, 2) bidimensional size, and 3) unidimensional size were significant for all groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion High local control rates can be achieved with surgery followed by SRS. Further, adjuvant SRS following spine tumor surgery delivers less radiation to the wound than conventional radiation and thus potentially reduces wound complications. Unidimensional, bidimensional, and volumetric tumor assessments demonstrate similar results. Hence the use of the simpler RECIST criteria is suitable and appropriate for evaluating the response to treatment after spine radiosurgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume87
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Local control
  • Spine radiosurgery
  • Spine surgery
  • Tumor
  • Wound infection

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