Quantitative analysis of total petroleum hydrocarbons in soils: Comparison between reflectance spectroscopy and solvent extraction by 3 certified laboratories

Guy Schwartz*, Eyal Ben-Dor, Gil Eshel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The commonly used analytic method for assessing total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in soil, EPA method 418.1, is usually based on extraction with 1,1,2-trichlorotrifluoroethane (Freon 113) and FTIR spectroscopy of the extracted solvent. This method is widely used for initial site investigation, due to the relative low price per sample. It is known that the extraction efficiency varies depending on the extracting solvent and other sample properties. This study's main goal was to evaluate reflectance spectroscopy as a tool for TPH assessment, as compared with three commercial certified laboratories using traditional methods. Large variations were found between the results of the three commercial laboratories, both internally (average deviation up to 20%), and between laboratories (average deviation up to 103%). Reflectance spectroscopy method was found be as good as the commercial laboratories in terms of accuracy and could be a viable field-screening tool that is rapid, environmental friendly, and cost effective.

Original languageEnglish
Article number751956
JournalApplied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume2012
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

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