Pupillometer-based objective chromatic perimetry in normal eyes and patients with retinal photoreceptor dystrophies

Alon Skaat, Ifat Sher, Andrew Kolker, Sivan Elyasiv, Elkana Rosenfeld, Mohamad Mhajna, Shlomo Melamed, Michael Belkin, Ygal Rotenstreich*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE. To evaluate a novel objective perimetry using multifocal chromatic pupil light reflex in normal participants and patients with photoreceptor dysfunction, and to relate this new technique with subjective dark-adapted chromatic Goldmann perimetry. METHODS. Thirty-two eyes of 17 retinitis pigmentosa (RP) or cone-rod dystrophy patients and 20 eyes of 12 healthy individuals were tested. A computerized infrared video pupillometer was used to record changes in pupil diameter in response to short- and long-wavelength stimuli (peak 485 and 640 nm, respectively; light intensity 40 cd/m2) at 13 different points of the 30° visual field (VF), under background illumination of 2.7 cd/m2. The pupillary response (PR) of patients was compared with PR obtained from normal control participants. In 11 patients, the pupillary responses were also compared with their findings on dark-adapted chromatic Goldmann perimetry. RESULTS. Significantly reduced pupillary responses were obtained in RP patients in response to the short-wavelength stimulus in nearly all perimetric locations (P < 0.03). By contrast, in response to the long-wavelength stimulus, RP patients demonstrated significantly reduced PR mostly in peripheral locations (P ≤0.02). In a cone-rod dystrophy patient, the PR to both long- and short-wavelength stimuli was significantly lower in the scotoma area identified by the dark-adapted chromatic Goldmann perimetry. In all patients that were tested by the chromatic Goldmann, minimal PR was recorded in areas that were nondetected in the chromatic Goldmann perimetry. CONCLUSIONS. This study demonstrates the potential feasibility of using pupillometer-based chromatic perimetry for objectively assessing VF defects and retinal function in patients with retinal dystrophies. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01021982.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2761-2770
Number of pages10
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2013


  • Perimetry
  • Pupils
  • Retinal dystrophy
  • Retinitis pigmentosa
  • Visual field


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