Punctal stenosis: Definition, diagnosis, and treatment

Uri Soiberman*, Hirohiko Kakizaki, Dinesh Selva, Igal Leibovitch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Acquired punctal stenosis is a condition in which the external opening of the lacrimal canaliculus is narrowed or occluded. This condition is a rare cause of symptomatic epiphora, but its incidence may be higher in patients with chronic blepharitis, in those treated with various topical medications, including antihypertensive agents, and especially in patients treated with taxanes for cancer. The purpose of this review is to cover the medical literature, focusing in particular on definition, incidence, risk factors, etiology and treatment options.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1011-1018
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2012


  • Acquired punctal stenosis
  • Definition
  • Epiphora
  • Etiology
  • Treatment


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