PTRH2 Gene Variants: Recent Review of the Phenotypic Features and Their Bioinformatics Analysis

Rajech Sharkia*, Sahil Jain, Muhammad Mahajnah, Clair Habib, Abdussalam Azem, Wasif Al-Shareef, Abdelnaser Zalan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase 2 (PTRH2) is an evolutionarily highly conserved mitochondrial protein. The biallelic mutations in the PTRH2 gene have been suggested to cause a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by an infantile-onset multisystem neurologic endocrine and pancreatic disease (IMNEPD). Patients with IMNEPD present varying clinical manifestations, including global developmental delay associated with microcephaly, growth retardation, progressive ataxia, distal muscle weakness with ankle contractures, demyelinating sensorimotor neuropathy, sensorineural hearing loss, and abnormalities of thyroid, pancreas, and liver. In the current study, we conducted an extensive literature review with an emphasis on the variable clinical spectrum and genotypes in patients. Additionally, we reported on a new case with a previously documented mutation. A bioinformatics analysis of the various PTRH2 gene variants was also carried out from a structural perspective. It appears that the most common clinical characteristics among all patients include motor delay (92%), neuropathy (90%), distal weakness (86.4%), intellectual disability (84%), hearing impairment (80%), ataxia (79%), and deformity of head and face (~70%). The less common characteristics include hand deformity (64%), cerebellar atrophy/hypoplasia (47%), and pancreatic abnormality (35%), while the least common appear to be diabetes mellitus (~30%), liver abnormality (~22%), and hypothyroidism (16%). Three missense mutations were revealed in the PTRH2 gene, the most common one being Q85P, which was shared by four different Arab communities and was presented in our new case. Moreover, four different nonsense mutations in the PTRH2 gene were detected. It may be concluded that disease severity depends on the PTRH2 gene variant, as most of the clinical features are manifested by nonsense mutations, while only the common features are presented by missense mutations. A bioinformatics analysis of the various PTRH2 gene variants also suggested the mutations to be deleterious, as they seem to disrupt the structural confirmation of the enzyme, leading to loss of stability and functionality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1031
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2023


FundersFunder number
Triangle Research and Development Center


    • IMNEPD
    • PTRH2 gene
    • PTRH2 variants
    • autosomal recessive disorder
    • bioinformatics analysis
    • clinical features
    • rare genetic diseases


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