Psychological time in later life: Implications for counseling

Dov Shmotkin, Nitza Eyal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Psychological time consists of cognitive constructs, images, and symbolic representations. It has different dimensions such as the experience of time, time perspective, attitudes and beliefs toward time, and the Individual's behavior relating to time. Psychological time undergoes changes throughout the life span and is an Integral part of the psychological developmental processes. In later life, It may be particularly dissonant with environmental rhythms and require re-integration of the individual's past, present, and future. This article suggests several guidelines for counseling practice that address the many facets of psychological time in later life and their Implications for the mental health and well-being of older people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-267
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Counseling and Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2003


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