Psychological Models of Suicide

Shira Barzilay*, Alan Apter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Suicidal behavior is highly complex and multifaceted. Consequent to the pioneering work of Durkheim and Freud, theoreticians have attempted to explain the biological, social, and psychological nature of suicide. The present work presents an overview and critical discussion of the most influential theoretical models of the psychological mechanisms underlying the development of suicidal behavior. All have been tested to varying degrees and have important implications for the development of therapeutic and preventive interventions. Broader and more in-depth approaches are still needed to further our understanding of suicidal phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-312
Number of pages18
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2014


  • NSSI
  • self-destructive behavior
  • self-harm
  • self-mutilation
  • suicide


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