Psychological impact and prevalence of traumatic events in a student sample in israel: The effect of multiple traumatic events and physical injury

Marianne Amir, Oren Sol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The prevalence of exposure and the psychological impact of traumatic events were studied in 983 Israeli university students. The psychological effects of exposure to single versus multiple traumatic events, and the effects of trauma-related physical injury were also examined. It was found that 67% of the respondents reported having been exposed to at least one traumatic event. Of those exposed, 6% were diagnosed as having posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Men were more at risk for exposure, but women were more at risk for PTSD. Women and the physically injured showed more psychological distress following exposure. Being exposed to one type of traumatic event was associated with increased psychological distress, but being exposed to multiple types of traumatic events was associated with lowering of distress. The results are discussed in comparison with similar studies from the United States.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-154
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • College students
  • PTSD
  • Physical injury
  • Sex differences
  • Traumatic events

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