The goals were to examine the prognostic value of psychological and medical variables with regard to disease course in breast cancer. The subjects were 96 stage I and II breast cancer patients (mean age: 53.13 years). They were administered a background information questionnaire, the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Locus of Control Scale. The predictors were stage, progesterone and oestrogen receptor status, adjustment, anxiety, and control. Dependent variables were state of health 3 and 5 years post-surgery and survival 5 years post-surgery. Results showed that state and survival were predicted significantly (about 31 per cent better than chance), mostly by both medical and psychological variables, and that medical variables played a larger role in 5 year predictions than in 3 year ones. The most important medical predictor was stage, and the most important psychological one adjustment, especially adjustment with regard to sexual relationships and in the sphere of social relations.
|Number of pages
|European Journal of Personality
|Published - Dec 1997