Psychiatric patients in war: A study of anxiety, distress and world assumptions

Ilana Sternik, Zahava Solomon*, Karni Ginzburg, Dan Enoch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The present study aimed to study the implication of war stress in emotional and cognitive response of psychiatric patients. Thirty-nine Israeli hospitalized schizophrenics and 39 comparable controls were assessed during the 1991 Gulf War. Subjects filled out questionnaires evaluating anxiety, war-related symptomatology, and world assumptions. Results revealed that while psychiatric patients reported significantly higher levels of trait anxiety than controls, the two groups did not differ in war-related distress. Moreover, on most indices, hospitalized schizophrenics held more positive world assumptions than controls. Theoretical issues are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-246
Number of pages12
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999


  • Anxiety
  • Psychiatric patients
  • Schizophrenia
  • War stress
  • World assumptions


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