Psoriasis patients generate increased serum levels of autoantibodies to tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-α

R. Bergman, M. Ramon, G. Wildbaum, E. Avitan-Hersh, E. Mayer, A. Shemer, N. Karin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: It has been shown in experimental animal models that were extended to humans that during autoimmune conditions, the immune system generates beneficial autoantibody (auto Ab) response to a limited number of inflammatory mediators that drive the pathogenesis of the disease. Objective: To investigate the presence of auto Abs to cytokines and chemokines in psoriasis. Methods: Sera were obtained from patients with psoriasis (n = 37), atopic dermatitis (AD) (n = 18) and healthy volunteers (n = 56). The titers of auto (Abs) to TNF-α, interferon-α (IFN-α), interleukin-17 (IL-17), and chemokines CCL2, CCL3 and CCL5 were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay. Neutralizing activities of high-titer auto Abs to TNF-α and IFN-α were determined using functional in vitro assays. Results: Highly significant increased titers of auto Abs to TNF-α and IFN-α were detected in patients with psoriasis compared with healthy subjects and patients with AD (mean titers more than fourfold). These auto Abs demonstrated some neutralizing activity in vitro, but their serum levels did not correlate with the intensity and duration of the disease and with phototherapy induced remissions. Significantly increased titers albeit to a lesser extent, of auto Abs to CCL3 were detected in AD. Conclusions: Psoriasis patients produce markedly increased levels of auto Abs to TNF-α and IFN-α which are two of the key cytokines in this disorder. The presence of these auto Abs which possess some neutralizing activity in vitro, may be an epiphenomenon or might play a role in attempting to suppress the ongoing inflammatory process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-167
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Dermatological Science
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atopic
  • Autoantibodies
  • CCL3
  • Interferon
  • Psoriasis
  • Tumor necrosis factor

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