PSHA in Israel by using the synthetic ground motions from simulated seismicity: the modified SvE procedure

T. Meirova, A. Shapira, L. Eppelbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, we updated and modified the SvE approach of Shapira and van Eck (Nat Hazards 8:201–215, 1993) which may be applied as an alternative to the conventional probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA) in Israel and other regions of low and moderate seismicity where measurements of strong ground motions are scarce. The new computational code SvE overcomes difficulties associated with the description of the earthquake source model and regional ground-motion scaling. In the modified SvE procedure, generating suites of regional ground motion is based on the extended two-dimensional source model of Motazedian and Atkinson (Bull Seism Soc Amer 95:995–1010, 2005a) and updated regional ground-motion scaling (Meirova and Hofstteter, Bull Earth Eng 15:3417–3436, 2017). The analytical approach of Mavroeidis and Papageorgiou (Bull Seism Soc Amer 93:1099–1131, 2003) is used to simulate the near-fault acceleration with the near-fault effects. The comparison of hazard estimates obtained by using the conventional method implemented in the National Building Code for Design provisions for earthquake resistance of structures and the modified SvE procedure for rock-site conditions indicates a general agreement with some perceptible differences at the periods of 0.2 and 0.5 s. For the periods above 0.5 s, the SvE estimates are systematically greater and can increase by a factor of 1.6. For the soft-soil sites, the SvE hazard estimates at the period of 0.2 s are greater than those based on the CB2008 ground-motion prediction equation (GMPE) by a factor of 1.3–1.6. We suggest that the hazard estimates for the sites with soft-soil conditions calculated by the modified SvE procedure are more reliable than those which can be found by means of the conventional PSHA. This result agrees with the opinion that the use of a standard GMPE applying the NEHRP soil classification based on the Vs, 30 parameter may be inappropriate for PSHA at many sites in Israel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1111
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Seismology
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Ground motion scaling
  • Modified SvE procedure
  • Regional PSHA
  • Two-dimensional seismic source

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