Protein tyrosine phosphate activity in insulin-resistant rodent Psammomys obesus

Joseph Meyerovitch, Yigal Balta, Ehud Ziv, Joseph Sack, Eleazar Shafrir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) activity and its regulation by overnight food deprivation were studied in Psammomys obesus (sand rat), a gerbil model of insulin resistance and nutritionally induced diabetes mellitus. PTPase activity was measured using a phosphopeptide substrate containing a sequence identical to that of the major site of insulin receptor (IR) β-subunit autophosphorylation. The PTPase activity in membrane fractions was 3.5-, 8.3-, and 5.9-fold lower in liver, fat, and skeletal muscle, respectively, compared with corresponding tissues of albino rat. Western blotting of tissue membrane fractions in Psammomys showed lower PTPase and IR than in albino rats. The density of PTPase transmembrane protein band was 5.5-fold lower in liver and 12-fold lower in adipose tissue. Leukocyte antigen receptor (LAR) and IR were determined by specific immunoblotting and protein bands densitometry and were also found to be 6.3-fold lower in the liver and 22-fold lower in the adipose tissue in the hepatic membrane fractions. Liver cytosolic PTPase activity after an overnight food deprivation in the nondiabetic Psammomys rose 3.7-fold compared with postprandial PTPase activity, but it did not change significantly in diabetic fasted animals. Similar fasting-related changes were detected in the activity of PTPase derived from membrane fraction. In conclusion, the above data demonstrate that despite the insulin resistance, Psammomys is characterized by low level of PTPase activities in membrane and cytosolic fractions in all 3 major insulin responsive tissues, as well as in liver. PTPase activity does not rise in activity as a result of insulin resistance and nutritionally induced diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Experimental Diabetes Research
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Insulin resistant
  • Nutritionally induced diabetes
  • Protein tyrosine phosphatases
  • Psammomys obesus

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