Protective effect of hydroxychloroquine in systemic lupus erythematosus. Prospective long-term study of an Israeli cohort

Y. Molad, A. Gorshtein, A. J. Wysenbeek, D. Guedj, R. Majadla, A. Weinberger, M. Amit-Vazina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus-associated irreversible organ/system damage was previously associated with various clinical and demographic features. We analysed the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SLICC/ACR DI) in a cohort of 151 Israeli patients followed for a mean (± s.d.) period of 45.7 ± 37.4 months. Mean score of SLICC/ACR DI at the first and last encounters were 0.17 ± 64 and 1.64 ± 2.1, respectively (P < 0.0001). Multiple logistic regression analyses disclosed a statistically significant positive correlation with corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide therapy. Hydroxychloroquine therapy was significantly associated with lower SLICC/ACR DI. Although the size of our study group did not allow us to find specific organs/systems which were associated with the protective effect of hydroxychloroquine, we suggest this is due to the antiatherogenic effects attributed to antimalarial therapy in SLE. ɫ Arnold 2002.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-361
Number of pages6
JournalLupus
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Activity
  • Antimalarial therapy
  • Damage
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Lupus

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