Protection of thrombin receptor expression under hypoxia

Efrat Landau, Regine Tirosh, Arie' Pinson, Shmuel Banai, Sharona Even-Ram, Miriam Maoz, Shulamit Katzav, Rachel Bar-Shavit*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Thrombin receptor (ThR) plays a significant role in myocyte contractility and hypertrophy. Heart myocyte ischemic damage, caused by insufficient blood supply, is the leading cause of heart infarction. Here we demonstrate that when primary myocyte cultures are subjected to hypoxic stress, ThR mRNA levels are reduced markedly. This takes place also in vivo in a model of ischemic pig heart, exhibiting reduced levels of ThR compared with normal heart sections. Prior activation of ThR however, by either thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP) or by α-thrombin resulted in full protection of ThR mRNA levels under hypoxia. The effect appeared specific to ThR because the addition of TRAP did not affect the hypoxic damage as shown by the levels of lactic dehydrogenase release and up- regulated GLUT-1, a glucose transporter gene. This protection effect took place not only in primary myocytes but also in NIH3T3 fibroblasts. ThR protection occurs via specific cell signaling events because activation of the receptor by TRAP, following interruption of the signaling cascade by calphostin C, a protein kinase C inhibitor, resulted in loss of ThR mRNA protection. Because Ras and Src are part of the ThR signaling cascade, the introduction of either dominant ras or src oncogenes to NIH3T3 murine fibroblasts gave rise to similar protection of ThR mRNA levels under hypoxic conditions without the exogenous addition of TRAP. Likewise, ThR mRNA protection was obtained after transfection with proto-oncogene vav. The 95- kDa protein Vav undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation after ThR activation, serving thus as part of the receptor machinery cascade. We therefore conclude that the initiation of the signaling cascades either exogenously by TRAP or within the cell via src or ras, as well as via vav oncogene interconnecting G-binding protein to the tyrosine kinase pathway, ultimately results in ThR protection under hypoxia. We present hereby, a novel concept of activated receptors, which under minimal oxygen tension protect their otherwise decaying mRNA. Maintaining the level of ThR that plays an active role in normal myocyte function may provide a significant repair mechanism in ischemic tissue, assisting in the regaining of normal myocyte functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2281-2287
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

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