Prospective study of 250 patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric banding using the two-step technique: A technique to prevent postoperative slippage

M. Rubin, H. Spivak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The use of LAP-BAND adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has gained tremendous popularity, but creation of the retrogastric tunnel is a considerable challenge, especially in the surgeon's early experience, and is associated with up to 10% band slippage and occasional gastric perforation. The two-step technique involves a crural dissection toward the angle of His through a pars flaccida approach. The technique facilitates passage of the band with no extensive posterior gastric wall dissection. Methods: A prospective study investigated 250 patients (207 women and 43 men) who underwent LAGB from January 1999 to May 2002 using a two-step dissection technique. The mean age of these patients was 37 years (range, 18-58 years). Their mean preoperative weight was 120 kg (range, 90-169 kg), and their mean body mass index was 44 kg/m2 (range, 36-68 kg/m2). Results: All the procedures except two were completed laparoscopically, and there were no deaths. The mean operative time was 61 min (range, 35-150 min), and the mean hospital stay was 1.2 days (range, 1-5 days). At 3 years, the mean body mass index had decreased from 44 kg/m2 to means of 39.9, 37.3, 34.4, 32.4, and 31.7 kg/m2 at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months, respectively. The mean excess weight loss was 42.1% at 1 year, 51.4% at 2 years, and 55.5% at 3 years. There were four band slippages (1.6%), no band erosion, and no major morbidity. Conclusions: The use of LAGB with the two-step technique is technically simple, avoids intimate posterior gastric wall dissection, and facilitates tight posterior band support. It therefore is associated with only minimal perioperative complications and a low slippage rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-860
Number of pages4
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gastric banding
  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Obesity

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