Prospective, randomized, multicenter evaluation of a polyethylene terephthalate micronet mesh-covered stent (MGuard) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: The MASTER trial

Gregg W. Stone, Alexandre Abizaid, Sigmund Silber, Jose M. Dizon, Béla Merkely, Ricardo A. Costa, Ran Kornowski, Andrea Abizaid, Roman Wojdya, Akiko Maehara, Ovidiu Dressler, Sorin J. Brener, Eli Bar, Dariusz Dudek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the potential utility of a novel polyethylene terephthalate micronet mesh-covered stent (MGuard) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background: Suboptimal myocardial reperfusion after PCI in STEMI is common and results in increased infarct size and mortality. The MGuard is a novel thin-strut metal stent with a polyethylene terephthalate micronet covering designed to trap and exclude thrombus and friable atheromatous debris to prevent distal embolization. Methods: A total of 433 patients with STEMI presenting within 12 h of symptom onset undergoing PCI were randomized at 50 sites in 9 countries to the MGuard (n = 217) or commercially available bare metal or drug-eluting stents (n = 216). The primary endpoint was the rate of complete (<70%) ST-segment resolution measured 60 to 90 min post-procedure. Results: Baseline characteristics were well matched between the groups. The primary endpoint of post-procedure complete ST-segment resolution was significantly improved in patients randomized to the MGuard stent compared with control patients (57.8% vs. 44.7%; difference: 13.2%; 95% confidence interval: 3.1% to 23.3%; p = 0.008). By core laboratory analysis, the MGuard stent compared with control stents also resulted in superior rates of Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 flow (91.7% vs. 82.9%, p = 0.006) with comparable rates of myocardial blush grade 2 or 3 (83.9% vs. 84.7%, p = 0.81). Mortality (0% vs. 1.9%, p = 0.06) and major adverse cardiac events (1.8% vs. 2.3%, p = 0.75) at 30 days were not significantly different between patients randomized to the MGuard stent and control stent, respectively. Conclusions: Among patients with acute STEMI undergoing emergent PCI, the MGuard micronet mesh-covered stent compared with conventional metal stents resulted in superior rates of epicardial coronary flow and complete ST-segment resolution. A larger randomized trial is warranted to determine whether these benefits result in reduced infarct size and/or improved clinical outcomes. (Safety and Efficacy Study of MGuard Stent After a Heart Attack [MASTER]; NCT01368471)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1975-1984
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume60
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • embolic protection
  • myocardial infarction
  • reperfusion

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