Prospective Evaluation of the Ultrasound Signs Proposed for the Description of Uterine Niche in Nonpregnant Women

Noa Feldman, Ron Maymon, Eric Jauniaux, Danielle Manoach, Matan Mor, Ewa Marczak, Yaakov Melcer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the new ultrasound-based signs for the diagnosis of post-cesarean section uterine niche in nonpregnant women. Methods: We investigated prospectively a cohort of 160 consecutive women with one previous term cesarean delivery (CD) between December 2019 and 2020. All women were separated into two subgroups according to different stages of labor at the time of their CD: subgroup A (n = 109; 68.1%) for elective CD and CD performed in latent labor at a cervical dilatation (≤4 cm) and subgroup B (n = 51; 31.9%); for CD performed during the active stage of labor (>4 cm). Results: Overall, the incidence of a uterine niche was significantly (P <.001) higher in women who had an elective (20/45; 44.4%) compared with those who had an emergent (21/115; 18.3%) CD. Compared with subgroup B, subgroup A presented with a significantly (P =.012) higher incidence of uterine niche located above the vesicovaginal fold and with a significantly (P =.0002) lower proportion of cesarean scar positioned below the vesicovaginal fold. There was a significantly (P <.001) higher proportion of women with a residual myometrial thickness (RMT) > 3 mm in subgroup A than in subgroup B and a significant negative relationship was found between the RMT and the cervical dilatation at CD (r = −0.22; P =.008). Conclusions: Sonographic cesarean section scar assessment indicates that the type of CD and the stage of labor at which the hysterotomy is performed have an impact on the location of the scar and the scarification process including the niche formation and RMT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-923
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • cesarean delivery
  • preterm labor
  • residual myometrial thickness
  • uterine niche
  • uterine scar

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