Prognostic value of JAK2V617F mutation in pseudotumor cerebri associated with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis

Ofira Zloto, Aharon Lubetsky, Iris Ben-Bassat Mizrachi, Anat Kesler, Peter A. Quiros, Ruth Huna-Baron*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the clinical characteristics and prognosis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) that presented as pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) patients with JAK2V617F mutation. Methods: Medical records of all consecutive patients that presented with PTC and a JAK2V617F mutation who were treated were retrospectively reviewed. Data regarding demographics and ocular presenting symptoms and signs, neurological signs, hematological factors treatment, and prognosis were collected. Results: The most common presenting symptoms were headache (5 patients, 83.3%) and visual obscurations (5 patients, 83.3%). CVST of the sagittal sinus and sigmoid sinus were the most common site of thrombus. Platelet count and hemoglobin count were higher than normal during follow-up. There was significant change in the disk edema degree as well as decline in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, Matched pairs). There was no significant change in visual acuity (VA) or mean deviation (MD) during follow-up (P = 0.95, 0.64, respectively, Matched pairs). Conclusions: Pseudotumor cerebri resulting from CSVT in our patients with JAK2V617F mutation was frequent in young patients and needed medical and surgical treatment, without improvement in visual functions and in third caused poor visual outcome. Therefore, we believe that a screening test for JAK2V617F mutation should be considered for patients with CVST without known risk factor presenting with PTC, especially when sagittal sinus or sigmoid sinus involvement or thrombocytosis or high hemoglobin are found upon presentation. This might lead to more aggressive management which may improve the visual prognosis of those young patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica
Volume139
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • JAK2V617F mutation
  • cerebral venous sinus thrombosis
  • pseudotumor cerebri

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