Prognostic value of cardiac troponin-I levels following catheter-based coronary interventions

Shmuel Fuchs, Ran Kornowski, Roxana Mehran, Alexandra J. Lansky, Lowell F. Satler, Augusto D. Pichard, Kenneth M. Kent, Chester E. Clark, Gregg W. Stone, Martin B. Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study has examined the prognostic significance of troponin-I (Tn-I) levels after catheter-based coronary interventions in coronary arteries and saphenous vein grafts lesions. Tn-I and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) fraction levels were measured at 6 and 18 to 24 hours after catheter-based coronary intervention in 1,129 consecutive patients with normal preintervention plasma levels of Tn-I, and CK-MB levels below the cutoff for myocardial infarction. Patients were stratified according to maximal postangioplasty Tn-I levels. Group I (n = 784) had no elevated Tn-I (<0.15 ng/ml), group II (n = 170) had Tn-I at 0.15 to 0.45 ng/ml, and group III (n = 175) had Tn-I elevation >0.45 ng/ml. Major in-hospital complications (death, Q-wave infarction, and emergent coronary bypass grafting) and out-of-hospital intermediate-term (8 months) outcomes were compared between the 3 groups. Tn-I elevation >0.45 ng/ml was associated with increased risk of mortality (group III, 1.6%; group II, 0.6%; and group I, 0.1%; p = 0.019) and major in-hospital complications (3.2%, 1.7%, and 0.5%; p = 0.004). There was no difference in death (1.8%, 3.2%, and 2.4%; p = 0.74), Q-wave infarction (0.6%, 0%, and 0.3%; p = 0.66), or target lesion revascularization (10.1%, 9.0%, and 9.3%; p = 0.86) between the 3 groups at follow-up. Cardiac event-free survival was similar between groups (p = 0.3). By multivariate analysis, Tn-I >0.45 ng/ml was an independent predictor for major in-hospital complications (odds ratio 2.1, 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 3.9, p = 0.01). The degree of risk was also associated with the conjoint elevation of Tn-I and CK-MB levels (odds ratio 1.1, 95% confidence interval 1.02 to 1.2, p = 0.01). We conclude that Tn-I levels >3 times the normal limit and conjoint elevation of Tn-I and CK-MB levels after coronary angioplasty are associated with increased risk of major in-hospital complications, but have no incremental risk of adverse intermediate-term (8 months) clinical outcomes. Copyright (C) 2000 Excerpta Medica Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1077-1082
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume85
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2000
Externally publishedYes

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