Prognostic Implications of Tumor Differentiation in Clinical T1N0 Gastric Adenocarcinoma

Ofer Margalit, Einat Shacham-Shmueli, Yu Xiao Yang, Yaacov R. Lawerence, Idan Levy, Kim A. Reiss, Talia Golan, Naama Halpern, Dan Aderka, Bruce Giantonio, Ronac Mamtani, Ben Boursi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Current guidelines recommend neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locoregional gastric adenocarcinoma. Patients diagnosed with early stage gastric adenocarcinoma are usually managed with upfront surgical intervention. However, pathologic staging in a subset of these clinically staged patients identifies more advanced locoregional disease requiring adjuvant treatment. Therefore, identifying these patients prior to surgical intervention is critical to ensure employment of the appropriate treatment paradigm. The aim of the current study was to define patient characteristics associated with clinical understaging in early gastric cancer. Methods: Using the National Cancer Database (2004–2014) we identified 3,892 individuals with clinical T1N0 gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent upfront definitive surgery, had negative surgical margins, and did not receive preoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Patient characteristics were compared between those with pathologic stage T1N0 disease and those who were upstaged upon surgery. Results: Twenty-seven percent of clinical T1N0 gastric adenocarcinomas had a change in stage because of pathologically defined ≥T2 disease or positive lymph nodes. Individuals who were upstaged had a higher tumor grade compared with those with pathologic stage T1N0 disease. Specifically, 41.9% (530/1,264) of individuals with a poorly differentiated tumor were upstaged, compared with only 10.7% (70/656) with a well-differentiated tumor. Approximately 75% of cases involved upstaging because of T misclassification. The highest percentage of upstaging was shown for tumors located at the fundus and body of the stomach. Conclusion: Upstaging of clinical T1N0 gastric adenocarcinoma is characterized by higher tumor grade and is mostly a result of a change in T stage. These findings mandate thorough workup in order to identify patients with clinically staged T1N0 disease requiring preoperative chemotherapy. Implications for Practice: Upstaging of clinical T1N0 gastric adenocarcinoma is characterized by higher tumor grade and is mostly a result of a change in T stage. These findings mandate thorough workup in order to identify patients with clinically staged T1N0 disease requiring preoperative chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e111-e114
JournalOncologist
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Clinical T1N0
  • Gastric adenocarcinoma
  • Poor differentiation

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