Prognostic Implications of Baseline Pulmonary Vascular Resistance Determined by Transthoracic Echocardiography Before Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Zach Rozenbaum, Yan Topilsky, Simon Biner, Arie Steinvil, Yaron Arbel, Samuel Bazan, Shmuel Banai, Ariel Finkelstein, Amir Halkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR)determined using right heart catheterization portends an adverse prognosis following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The prognostic role of preprocedural PVR determined noninvasively using transthoracic echocardiography has not been studied in the TAVR setting. Methods: Baseline clinical and echocardiographic variables from a prospective TAVR registry were analyzed to determine preprocedural PVR and its impact on late outcomes (all-cause mortality, stroke, readmission for heart failure, new-onset atrial fibrillation). Echocardiographic PVR was estimated by the ratio of peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity to the time-velocity integral of the right ventricular outflow tract. Results: Ninety-seven patients were included in the study, with complete 3-year follow-up data available for all survivors. Mean PVR was 2.1 ± 0.)WU in the entire cohort and 2.7 ± 0.9 WU among patients with pulmonary hypertension. In the entire cohort, 29 patients (29.9%)died during the study period. Three-year all-cause mortality and composite adverse event rates were higher with increased versus normal PVR (55.6% vs 24.1% [P =.008]and 66.7% vs 41.8% [P =.06], respectively). By multivariate analysis, PVR as either a continuous (hazard ratio, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.1–2.81; P =.02)or a categorical (≥2.5 vs >2.5 WU; hazard ratio, 2.49; 95% CI, 1.09–5.71; P =.03)variable was independently associated with all-cause mortality. Although systolic pulmonary artery pressure was associated with all-cause mortality on univariate analysis, this association was not statistically significant on multivariate analysis accounting for PVR. Conclusions: PVR estimated using transthoracic echocardiography is an independent predictor of mortality at long-term follow-up after TAVR. Systolic pulmonary artery pressure was associated with increased late mortality, although this relation was not significant after adjustment for baseline variables and PVR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-743.e1
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Prognosis
  • Pulmonary vascular resistance
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement

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