Professional, generational, and gender differences in perception of organisational values among Israeli physicians and nurses: Implications for retention

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The global health workforce today is more age diverse than ever before and spans three generations: baby boomers, X and Y generations. Each generation has a distinct set of characteristics, values, and beliefs. This diversity can lead to increased creativity and a greater richness of values and skills, but at the same time it can also lead to value clashes, disrespect, and conflicts. This study aimed to examine professional, generational, and gender differences in the perception of the importance of organisational values among nurses and physicians working in both hospitals and outpatient clinics in Israel. Data were collected from a large sample of nurses and physicians (N = 603) from 11 hospitals and community services across Israel. The participants completed a self-administered questionnaire rating the perceived importance of 20 organisational values, such as leadership, risk-taking, competition, power, and collaboration. The five values ranked most important were performance quality, cooperation, commitment, effectiveness, and efficiency. The five values ranked least important were competition, marketing, power, risk-taking, and assertiveness. Significant value differences were found by profession, generation, and gender. Nurses scored efficiency, assertiveness, risk-taking, power, and marketing higher than physicians did. The Y generation scored power higher and marketing lower than the two older generations. Women ranked the values of cooperation, commitment, innovativeness, vision, and marketing significantly higher than men did. Understanding differences between professions, generations, and gender is a useful first step in improving employees’ job satisfaction, productivity, and retention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696-704
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Interprofessional Care
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Gender
  • generations
  • healthcare professions
  • interprofessional collaboration
  • organisational values
  • retention

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