Production of P-wave charm and charm-strange mesons in hadronic Z0 decays

K. Ackerstaff*, G. Alexander, J. Allison, N. Altekamp, K. J. Anderson, S. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, A. H. Ball, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. Bartoldus, J. R. Batley, S. Baumann, J. Bechtluft, C. Beeston, T. Behnke, A. N. BellK. W. Bell, G. Bella, S. Bentvelsen, P. Berlich, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, A. Biguzzi, S. D. Bird, V. Blobel, I. J. Bloodworth, J. E. Bloomer, M. Bobinski, P. Bock, D. Bonacorsi, M. Boutemeur, B. T. Bouwens, S. Braibant, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, C. Burgard, R. Bürgin, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, D. Chrisman, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, J. E. Conboy, O. C. Cooke, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, C. Dallapiccola, G. M. Dallavalle, S. De Jong, L. A. Del Pozo, K. Desch, M. S. Dixit, E. Do Couto E Silva, M. Doucet, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, D. Eatough, J. E.G. Edwards, P. G. Estabrooks, H. G. Evans, M. Evans, F. Fabbri, M. Fanti, A. A. Faust, F. Fiedler, M. Fierro, H. M. Fischer, I. Fleck, R. Folman, D. G. Fong, M. Foucher, A. Fürtjes, D. I. Futyan, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, S. M. Gascon-Shotkin, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, T. Geralis, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, R. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, D. M. Gingrich, D. Glenzinski, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, C. Hajdu, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, M. Hapke, C. K. Hargrove, P. A. Hart, C. Hartmann, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, M. Herndon, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, M. D. Hildreth, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, T. Hilse, P. R. Hobson, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, D. Horváth, R. Howard, D. E. Hutchcroft, P. Igo-Kemenes, D. C. Imrie, M. R. Ingram, K. Ishii, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, A. Joly, C. R. Jones, G. Jones, M. Jones, U. Jost, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, J. Kirk, A. Klier, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, D. S. Koetke, T. P. Kokott, M. Kolrep, S. Komamiya, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. Von Krogh, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, R. Lahmann, W. P. Lai, D. Lanske, J. Lauber, S. R. Lautenschlager, J. G. Layter, D. Lazic, A. M. Lee, E. Lefebvre, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, M. J. Losty, J. Ludwig, A. Macchiolo, A. Macpherson, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, C. Markus, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Martinez, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, E. A. Mckigney, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, S. Menke, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, J. Meyer, A. Michelini, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, A. Mincer, R. Mir, W. Mohr, A. Montanari, T. Mori, M. Morii, U. Müller, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, B. Nellen, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, H. O. Ogren, N. J. Oldershaw, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. Pálinkas, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. Patt, M. J. Pearce, S. Petzold, P. Pfeifenschneider, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, A. Posthaus, H. Przysiezniak, D. L. Rees, D. Rigby, S. Robertson, S. A. Robins, N. Rodning, J. M. Roney, A. Rooke, E. Ros, A. M. Rossi, M. Rosvick, P. Routenburg, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, U. Ruppel, D. R. Rust, R. Rylko, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, F. Scharf, P. Scharff-Hansen, P. Schenk, J. Schieck, P. Schleper, B. Schmitt, S. Schmitt, A. Schöning, M. Schröder, H. C. Schultz-Coulon, M. Schulz, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. P. Siroli, A. Sittler, A. Skillman, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, K. Stephens, J. Steuerer, B. Stockhausen, K. Stoll, D. Strom, P. Szymanski, R. Tafirout, S. D. Talbot, S. Tanaka, P. Taras, S. Tarem, R. Teuscher, M. Thiergen, M. A. Thomson, E. Von Törne, S. Towers, I. Trigger, E. Tsur, A. S. Turcot, M. F. Turner-Watson, P. Utzat, R. Van Kooten, M. Verzocchi, P. Vikas, E. H. Vokurka, H. Voss, F. Wäckerle, A. Wagner, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, J. S. White, B. Wilkens, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, G. Wolf, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, G. Yekutieli, V. Zacek, D. Zer-Zion

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Results are presented on the production of excited charm and excited charm-strange mesons in hadronic Z0 decays. The results are obtained from approximately 4.3 million hadronic Z0 decays, collected on or near the Z0 resonance using the OPAL detector at LEP. The D10(2420) and D*20(2460) mesons are reconstructed in the D*+π- final state and their separate production rates in charm fragmentation and in weak decays of b-hadrons are determined. Assuming that the decay widths of these mesons are saturated by the allowed D*π and Dπ final states, the charm hadronization fractions and the inclusive branching ratios of b-hadrons to these neutral P-wave charm mesons are determined to be f(c → D10) = 0.021 ± 0.007(stat) ± 0.003(syst), f(c → D*20) = 0.052 ± 0.022(stat) ± 0.013(syst), f(b → D10) = 0.050 ± 0.014(stat) ± 0.006(syst), f(b → D*20) = 0.047 ± 0.024(stat) ± 0.013(syst). We also present the first observation at LEP of the Ds1+ (2536) meson which is reconstructed in both the D*+KS0 and D*0K+ final states. After correcting for the expected contribution from bb events, assuming that the D*K channels saturate the available final states, these results are used to derive the charm hadronization fraction f(c → Ds1+): f(c → Ds1+) = 0.016 ± 0.004(stat) ± 0.003(syst).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-440
Number of pages16
JournalZeitschrift fur Physik C-Particles and Fields
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1997

Funding

FundersFunder number
Direction des Sciences de la Matière du Commissariat à l’Energie Atom-ique
German Israeli Bi-national Science Foundation
Hungarian Foundation for Scientific ResearchOTKA T-016660, OTKA F-023259, T023793
Minerva Gesellschaft
National Science Foundation
U.S. Department of Energy
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
National Research Council Canada
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities
Israel Science Foundation

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