The isoelectrofocusing patterns of l-amino acid oxidase (LAO) from venom gland homogenates and of the secreted venom of Vipera palaestinae have been compared. The LAO isozyme profile of actively synthesizing gland spans over a wider range of pIs (4.8-6.0) and includes more variants as compared with the profile of the secreted venom. A basic shift of the isoelectrofocusing pattern of LAO obtained by treatment of the gland homogenate or the venom with neuraminidase indicates that sialic acid residues are responsible for the changes in the electronegativity of the isozymes. Analyses of subcellular fractions show that the microsomal fraction of the venom gland homogenate exhibits the highest multiplicity of molecular forms of LAO, whereas the fraction including the secretory granules has an isozyme profile similar to the venom. Double labelling experiments show that the newly synthesized LAO include isozymes which span over a wide range of pIs, whereas later on labelling of the more acidic isozymes is prominent. The results obtained may suggest that the sialic acid residues which are attached to LAO during its transport serve as "markers" for secretion.