Priority setting for health technology adoption at the national level: Lessons learned over 25 years' experience

Osnat Luxenburg, Tal Morginstin, Vicki Myers*, Mor Saban, Joshua Shemer, Rachel Wilf-Miron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background Limited health budgets and continual advancement of health technologies require mechanisms for prioritization. Israel, with a publicly funded health service basket, has implemented and optimized such a health technology assessment process since 1999. We describe the process of evaluating technologies according to the Israeli model, analyze its outputs and benefits over two decades of implementation, and compare its key features with international experience. Methods Retrospective data were collected between 1998 and 2023, including work processes, committee composition, number of applications submitted and approved by a clinical domain, and yearly cost of the basket. Features were evaluated within the evidence-informed deliberative process (EDP) framework. Results This national model involves relevant stake holders in a participatory and transparent process, in a timely manner, and is accepted by the public, health professionals, and policy makers, facilitating early adoption of the newest medical technologies. Between 11 and 19 percent of applications are approved for reimbursement annually, mostly pharmaceuticals. On average 26 percent of approved technologies are added to the list without additional budget. Major domains of approved technologies were oncology, cardiology, and neurology. Conclusions Israel created a unique model for the expansion of the health service basket. Despite an increasing number of applications and rising costs, the mechanism enables a consensus to be reached on which technologies to fund, while remaining within budget constraints and facilitating immediate implementation. The process, which prioritizes transparency and stake holder involvement, allows just a resource allocation while maximizing the adoption of novel technologies, contributing to an outstanding national level of health despite relatively low health spending.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere71
JournalInternational Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - 6 Nov 2023


  • Israel
  • health service basket
  • prioritization
  • technology assessment


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