Principal component modeling of isokinetic moment curves for discriminating between the injured and healthy knees of unilateral ACL deficient patients

Sivan Almosnino, Scott C.E. Brandon, Andrew G. Day, Joan M. Stevenson, Zeevi Dvir, Davide D. Bardana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bilateral knee strength evaluations of unilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficient patients using isokinetic dynamometry are commonly performed in rehabilitation settings. The most frequently-used outcome measure is the peak moment value attained by the knee extensor and flexor muscle groups. However, other strength curve features may also be of clinical interest and utility. The purpose of this investigation was to identify, using Principal Component Analysis (PCA), strength curve features that explain the majority of variation between the injured and uninjured knee, and to assess the capabilities of these features to detect the presence of injury. A mixed gender cohort of 43 unilateral ACL deficient patients performed 6 continuous concentric knee extension and flexion repetitions bilaterally at 60°s-1 and 180°s-1 within a 90° range of motion. Moment waveforms were analyzed using PCA, and binary logistic regression was used to develop a discriminatory decision rule. For all directions and speeds, a statistically significant overall reduction in strength was noted for the involved knee in comparison to the uninvolved knee. The discriminatory decision rule yielded a specificity and sensitivity of 60.5% and 60.5%, respectively, corresponding to an accuracy of ~62%. As such, the curve features extracted using PCA enabled only limited clinical usefulness in discerning between the ACL deficient and contra lateral, healthy knee. Improvement in discrimination capabilities may perhaps be achieved by consideration of different testing speeds and contraction modes, as well as utilization of other data analysis techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-143
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Classification
  • Diagnostics
  • Isokinetic dynamometry
  • Knee
  • Sensitivity
  • Specificity
  • Strength

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Principal component modeling of isokinetic moment curves for discriminating between the injured and healthy knees of unilateral ACL deficient patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this