Background: The etiology of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is unknown. PSC and Cystic Fibrosis related liver disease have common features: chronic inflammation, biliary damage and similar cholangiographic findings. It is unknown whether or not PSC is related to cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) dysfunction. We hypothesize that a sub-group of PSC patients may be a “single-organ” presentation of CF. Methods: Patients with PSC underwent nasal potential difference (NPD) measurement, sweat chloride measurement and complete CFTR sequencing by new generation sequencing. Results: 6/32 patients aged 46 ± 13 yrs. had CFTR causing mutations on one allele and 19 had CFTR polymorphisms; 6/23 tested had abnormal and 21 had intermediate sweat tests; 4/32 patients had abnormal NPD. One patient had chronic pancreatitis and was infertile. Conclusions: 19% of PSC patients had features of CFTR related disorder, 19% carry CFTR mutations and 50% had CFTR polymorphisms. In some patients, PSC may be a single organ presentation of CF or a CFTR-related disorder.
- CFTR-related disorder
- Nasal potential difference
- New generation sequencing
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis