Primary prevention and screening practices among long-term breast cancer survivors

Lori Mandelzweig, Angela Chetrit, Tova Amitai, Barbara Silverman, Nava Siegelmann-Danieli, Siegal Sadetzki*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Parallel to increasing survival of breast cancer (BC) patients, a need has arisen to characterize the follow-up required to improve and maintain their health. Our study aimed to assess changes in lifestyle habits over time among the study population, compare compliance rates of selected primary and secondary prevention practices between long-term BC survivors and an age-matched comparison group, and identify factors associated with compliance to these practices. Methods: The study population comprised 250 Israeli BC survivors, diagnosed with BC between 1999 and 2003, without evidence of disease after 8–12 years, and 250 women with no cancer history, individually matched to survivors by age and area of residence. Data collection and analysis were conducted during August 2012–June 2015 and included socio-demographic variables, lifestyle habits, health promotion by the family physician, and participation in screening procedures and prevention measures. Results: Higher performance rates of mammography and colonoscopy among BC survivors were observed, as well as a greater likelihood of receiving an influenza vaccine and undergoing a bone mineral density scan (adjusted-ORs: 7.7, 1.48, 1.42, and 2.59, respectively) compared to controls. Factors identified with compliance to selected practices were age, higher levels of education and income, never smoking, and strenuous physical activity. The survivors adopted healthier lifestyles, which were similar to those of women who never had cancer. Conclusions: About 10 years after BC diagnosis, the survivors generally comply with primary and secondary prevention practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-666
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Breast cancer survivors
  • Cancer screening
  • Health promotion
  • Lifestyle habits
  • Preventive care

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