Primary Implant Stability Analysis of Different Dental Implant Connections and Designs—An In Vitro Comparative Study

Perry Raz, Haya Meir, Shifra Levartovsky, Alon Sebaoun, Ilan Beitlitum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Primary implant stability can be evaluated at the time of placement by measuring the insertion torque (IT). However, another method to monitor implant stability over time is resonance frequency analysis (RFA). Our aim was to examine the effect of bone type, implant design, and implant length on implant primary stability as measured by IT and two RFA devices (Osstell and Penguin) in an in vitro model. Ninety-six implants were inserted by a surgical motor in an artificial bone material, resembling soft and dense bone. Two different implant designs—conical connection (CC) and internal hex (IH), with lengths of 13 and 8 mm, were compared. The results indicate that the primary stability as measured by RFA and IT is significantly increased by the quality of bone (dense bone), and implant length and design, where the influence of dense bone is similar to that of CC design. Both the Osstell and Penguin devices recorded higher primary implant stability for long implants in dense bone, favoring the CC over the IH implant design. The CC implant design may compensate for the low stability expected in soft bone, and dense bone may compensate for short implant length if required by the anatomical bone conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3072
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2022

Keywords

  • bone density
  • implant design
  • implant stability
  • insertion torque
  • ISQ
  • primary stability
  • RFA

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