Prf-solution in large sinus membrane perforation with simultaneous implant placement-micro CT and histological analysis

Horia Mihail Barbu, Stefania Andrada Iancu, Violeta Hancu, Daniel Referendaru, Joseph Nissan, Sarit Naishlos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The purpose of the study was to analyze the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as a single augmentation material for complicated cases of maxillary sinus floor elevation, resulting from membrane perforation or previous infections. Methods: Implant insertion in the posterior region of the maxilla was simultaneously performed with maxillary sinus floor augmenta-tion. Schneiderian membrane elevation can be accompanied by extremely serious sinus membrane perforation, due to accidental tearing or intended incision for mucocele removal. PRFs were placed in the sinus cavity both for membrane sealing and sinus floor grafting. Radiological, histological and micro-CT analyses were performed. Implant survival was assessed every 6 months for 1 to 4 years, with a mean follow up of 1.8 years, after prosthetic loading. Radiological examinations were performed on CBCT at 9 and 12 and 36 months postoperatively and revealed improved degrees of radiopacity. Results: 19 implants were simultaneously placed in the course of nine maxillary sinus floor augmentation surgeries, with successful outcomes in terms of bone grafting and implant integration. New bone formation was evidenced 12 months postoperatively on radiological examina-tion, micro-CT analysis, and histological analysis of a harvested bone segment from the augmented maxillary sinus. The mean gain in bone height of the sinus floor augmentation was 6.43 mm, with a maximum of 9 mm. The mean amount of vital bone obtained from histologic assessment was 52.30%, while bone volume/tissue volume ratio in micro-CT 3D had a mean of 50.32%. Conclusions: PRF may be considered as an alternative treatment for a single surgery of sinus augmentation with simultaneous implant placement, even in complicated cases with significant sinus membrane tearing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number438
JournalMembranes
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Platelet rich fibrin (PRF)
  • Schneiderian membrane perforation
  • Sinus complications
  • Sinus floor augmentation
  • Sinus graft infection
  • Sinus membrane suture
  • Sinus mucocele

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