Preventing problematic internet use during the COVID-19 pandemic: Consensus guidance

Orsolya Király, Marc N. Potenza, Dan J. Stein, Daniel L. King, David C. Hodgins, John B. Saunders, Mark D. Griffiths, Biljana Gjoneska, Joël Billieux, Matthias Brand, Max W. Abbott, Samuel R. Chamberlain, Ornella Corazza, Julius Burkauskas, Célia M.D. Sales, Christian Montag, Christine Lochner, Edna Grünblatt, Elisa Wegmann, Giovanni MartinottiHae Kook Lee, Hans Jürgen Rumpf, Jesús Castro-Calvo, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Susumu Higuchi, Jose M. Menchon, Joseph Zohar, Luca Pellegrini, Susanne Walitza, Naomi A. Fineberg, Zsolt Demetrovics*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As a response to the COVID-19 pandemic, many governments have introduced steps such as spatial distancing and “staying at home” to curb its spread and impact. The fear resulting from the disease, the ‘lockdown’ situation, high levels of uncertainty regarding the future, and financial insecurity raise the level of stress, anxiety, and depression experienced by people all around the world. Psychoactive substances and other reinforcing behaviors (e.g., gambling, video gaming, watching pornography) are often used to reduce stress and anxiety and/or to alleviate depressed mood. The tendency to use such substances and engage in such behaviors in an excessive manner as putative coping strategies in crises like the COVID-19 pandemic is considerable. Moreover, the importance of information and communications technology (ICT) is even higher in the present crisis than usual. ICT has been crucial in keeping parts of the economy going, allowing large groups of people to work and study from home, enhancing social connectedness, providing greatly needed entertainment, etc. Although for the vast majority ICT use is adaptive and should not be pathologized, a subgroup of vulnerable individuals are at risk of developing problematic usage patterns. The present consensus guidance discusses these risks and makes some practical recommendations that may help diminish them.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152180
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume100
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Funding

FundersFunder number
AbBiotics
Brainsway & Pfizer
CIBERSAM-ISCIII
CINP
EU FP7s
EU H2020
Gambling Supervision Board
Mohegan Sun Casino
Szerencsejáték Ltd.
Abbott Laboratories
Medtronic
World Health Organization
State of Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services
Janssen Pharmaceuticals
Wellcome Trust110049/Z/15/Z
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
Modern Humanities Research Association
Norsk Tipping
Alberta Gambling Research Institute, University of Calgary
Medical Research Council
National Institute for Health and Care Research
Responsible Gambling Trust
European Cooperation in Science and TechnologyCA16207
University of Hertfordshire
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Fundação para a Ciência e a TecnologiaPTDC/PSI-ESP/30980/2017
Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca
Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Nemzeti Kutatási Fejlesztési és Innovációs HivatalNKFIH-1157-8/2019-DT, KKP126835
Servier
H. Lundbeck A/S
Innovációs és Technológiai MinisztériumPOCI-01-0145-FEDER-030980

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