Prevalence of the juxtaphrenic peak after upper lobectomy

E. Konen, J. Rozenman, D. A. Simansky, A. Yellin, I. Greenberg, O. Konen, M. Hertz, Y. Itzchak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of the juxtaphrenic peak after upper lobectomy in a large number of consecutive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Available chest radiographs of 172 of 199 sequential patients who had undergone upper lobectomy in a university hospital were evaluated for the presence of a juxtaphrenic peak. The study included 98 cases with right upper lobectomy and 74 with left upper lobectomy. Radiographs were grouped in three postoperative periods: period I, within 7 days after lobectomy (n = 142); period II, between 8 and 30 days (n = 113); and period III, 31 days or more after lobectomy (n = 101). Four experienced radiologists in consensus determined the prevalence of the "juxtaphrenic peak sign," in relation to age, sex, side of lobectomy, positioning (erect or supine), presence of juxtadiaphragmatic abnormalities, and time interval since surgery. RESULTS. The prevalence of the juxtaphrenic peak sign gradually increased from 40.6% in period I to 71.9% in period III after right upper lobectomy (p < 0.01), and from 19% to 47.7%, respectively, after left upper lobectomy (p < 0.01). Its overall prevalence was significantly higher after right upper lobectomy (58.2%) than after left upper lobectomy (40.5%) (p = 0.02), and on erect chest films (51.4%) than on supine ones (28.9%). CONCLUSION. The prevalence of the juxtaphrenic peak sign increases gradually during the weeks following lobectomy. It is more frequent on erect films and after right upper lobectomy. The juxtaphrenic peak may serve as an additional useful radiologic sign suggesting upper lobectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-873
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume177
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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