Prevalence of RFC1-mediated spinocerebellar ataxia in a North American ataxia cohort

Dona Aboud Syriani, Darice Wong, Sameer Andani, Claudio M. De Gusmao, Yuanming Mao, May Sanyoura, Giacomo Glotzer, Paul J. Lockhart, Sharon Hassin-Baer, Vikram Khurana, Christopher M. Gomez, Susan Perlman, Soma Das, Brent L. Fogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective We evaluated the prevalence of pathogenic repeat expansions in replication factor C subunit 1 (RFC1) and disabled adaptor protein 1 (DAB1) in an undiagnosed ataxia cohort from North America.MethodsA cohort of 596 predominantly adult-onset patients with undiagnosed familial or sporadic cerebellar ataxia was evaluated at a tertiary referral ataxia center and excluded for common genetic causes of cerebellar ataxia. Patients were then screened for the presence of pathogenic repeat expansions in RFC1 (AAGGG) and DAB1 (ATTTC) using fluorescent repeat-primed PCR (RP-PCR). Two additional undiagnosed ataxia cohorts from different centers, totaling 302 and 13 patients, respectively, were subsequently screened for RFC1, resulting in a combined 911 subjects tested.ResultsIn the initial cohort, 41 samples were identified with 1 expanded allele in the RFC1 gene (6.9%), and 9 had 2 expanded alleles (1.5%). For the additional cohorts, we found 20 heterozygous samples (6.6%) and 17 biallelic samples (5.6%) in the larger cohort and 1 heterozygous sample (7.7%) and 3 biallelic samples (23%) in the second. In total, 29 patients were identified with biallelic repeat expansions in RFC1 (3.2%). Of these 29 patients, 8 (28%) had a clinical diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia, neuropathy, and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS), 14 had cerebellar ataxia with neuropathy (48%), 4 had pure cerebellar ataxia (14%), and 3 had spinocerebellar ataxia (10%). No patients were identified with expansions in the DAB1 gene (spinocerebellar ataxia type 37).ConclusionsIn a large undiagnosed ataxia cohort from North America, biallelic pathogenic repeat expansion in RFC1 was observed in 3.2%. Testing should be strongly considered in patients with ataxia, especially those with CANVAS or neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere440
JournalNeurology: Genetics
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

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