Prevalence of neurological diseases among patients with selective IgA deficiency

Eli Magen*, Akim Geishin, Eugene Merzon, Ilan Green, Avivit Golan-Cohen, Shlomo Vinker, Ariel Israel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: There are no published epidemiologic studies with regard to the prevalence of neurologic diseases among subjects with selective immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency (sIgAD). Objective: To investigate the prevalence of neurologic diseases among the Israeli population with sIgAD. Methods: A population-based case-control study among members of a large nationwide health maintenance organization in Israel providing services to > 700,000 members. The sIgAD group included individuals ≥4 years of age with a serum IgA level of <0.07 g/L and with a diagnosis of sIgAD. The control group was randomly sampled from the entire study population with a case-control ratio of five controls for each case (1:5), with exact matching for age, gender, ethnic group, and socioeconomic status category. Results: A total of 796 subjects ages 20.58 6 15.46 years; 391 female subjects (49.1%) were identified as having sIgAD. The control group was constituted of 3980 matched subjects. The sIgAD group was characterized by a higher prevalence of autism spectrum disorder and tic disorders. Migraine was less prevalent in the sIgAD group (19 [2.39%]) than in the control group (168 [4.22%]), odds ratio (OR) 0.55 (95% confidence interval {CI}, 0.34–0.90); p = 0.016]. More cases of subjects with epilepsy were observed in the sIgAD group (14 [1.76%]) than in the control group (31 [0.80%]), OR 2.28 (95% CI, 1.12 – 4.44; p = 0.015). Conclusion: Our observation raises the question of the role of IgA in noninfectious diseases of the central nervous system. Further basic studies are needed to explain our observation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E17-E21
JournalAllergy and Asthma Proceedings
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023

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