Following a review of records at the Soroka University Medical Center (SUMC) showing a recent increase in the annual incidence of hydatidosis among the Bedouin population of southern Israel, a seroepidemiological survey was conducted. A total of 1439 blood samples were collected from Bedouins and Jews living in the Negev area in southern Israel. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for immunoglobulin G, indirect haemagglutination (IHA) and immunoelectrophoresis (IEP) were used to detect anti-Echinococcus granulosus antibodies. The seroprevalence in the Bedouin group was 0.68% (7/1026), including two children under the age of 10. Among Jews, a seroprevalence of 0.5% was recorded in patients over 60 years of age only. A high rate of infection was shown in goats and sheep slaughtered in abattoirs in Bedouin localities. The results indicate that echinococcosis is a common disease in the Muslim communities of southern Israel.
- Echinococcus granulosus
- Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay