Prevalence of bruxism and temporomandibular disorders among orphans in southeast Uganda: A gender and age comparison

Pessia Friedman Rubin, Assaf Erez, Benjamin Peretz, Ravit Birenboim-Wilensky, Ephraim Winocur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The aims of the current study were: (1) to assess the prevalence of oral habits, bruxism, and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) among children living in Uganda; (2) to establish whether parafunctional activities are associated with TMDs; and (3) to examine the possible impact of gender and age on the prevalence of bruxism, oral habits, and TMDs. Methods: This study included 153 children aged 6–17 years. The study consisted of a questionnaire and a clinical examination. Results: TMDs were moderately prevalent (35%). Parafunctional habits were performed by 93% of the participants. When performed extensively, they were significantly related to myalgia. No gender or age significant differences were found. Conclusions: 1. Only extensive masticatory parafunctional oral activity is significantly related to myalgia. 2. Gender and age had no impact on the prevalence of bruxism, oral habits, or TMDs. 3. Sleep and awake bruxism were not related to anamnestic symptoms or clinical findings in TMD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
JournalCranio - Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jul 2018

Funding

FundersFunder number
Bussi Island Children’s Home
Tel Aviv University

    Keywords

    • Bruxism
    • orphans
    • parafunctional (oral) habits, stressful life events
    • temporomandibular disorders

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