Preterm premature rupture of membranes in the presence of cerclage: Is the risk for intra-uterine infection and adverse neonatal outcome increased?

Matthew D. Laskin, Yoav Yinon, Wendy L. Whittle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective.To determine whether preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) in the presence of a cerclage is associated with an increased incidence of intrauterine infection and/or adverse neonatal outcome compared to PPROM in the absence of cerclage. Study design.Patients diagnosed with PPROM with a cerclage (cases) between 24-34 weeks were matched (1:2.6) for gestational age at PPROM, gestational number, and chorionicity with patients diagnosed with PPROM without a cerclage (controls). Results.Pregnancy latency period was not different but the rates of chorioamnionitis [clinical (26.6% versus 13.5%) and histological (92.6% versus 65.4%)] and the rates of adverse perinatal outcome were higher following PPROM in the presence of a cerclage compared with no cerclage. Conclusion.The presence of a cerclage in patients with PPROM appears to increase the risk of intra-uterine infection and affect neonatal outcome; it may not be justified to leave a cerclage in place in patients with PPROM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-428
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerclage
  • chorioamnionitis
  • PPROM

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