Pressure and gas composition effects on the operation of the pulsed flame photometric detector

Gad Frishman, Aviv Amirav, Haim Barak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of pressure and hydrogen/oxygen ratio of a burning gas mixture on pulsed flame emission time-dependence was investigated in the range of 0.1-5 atm using a specially designed pulsed flame photometric detector (PFPD). We studied the pressure and gas composition effect on the pulsed Harne delayed light emission of sulfur, phosphorus, and nitrogen-containing organic compounds. The optimal pressure conditions for nitrogen detection, intensity, and emission time delay was found to be 0.4 bar, at which the detection sensitivity could be improved by a factor of 2. For phosphorus, the optimal pressure obtained was 1.3 bar with 40% sensitivity improvement (compared with 1 bar). In the case of sulfur detection, two emission maxima were obtained, at 1.1 and 0.6 bar. at H/O ratio of 5. Increasing the H/O ratio resulted in the appearance of only one peak at 1 bar, and enhancement of the sensitivity by a factor of 2.4 at H/O ratio of 10.3. From the analytical point of view, we found that emission intensity is practically unchanged by the pressure and the H/O ratio for all three elements investigated in the range of 0.8-1.1 bar and H/O of 5-6. Thus, in addition to excellent sensitivity and improved selectivity, the PFPD can be applied under a variety of atmospheric pressure conditions in Held environmental applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-98
Number of pages8
JournalIsrael Journal of Chemistry
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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