Preparing a soil spectral library using the Internal Soil Standard (ISS) method: Influence of extreme different humidity laboratory conditions

Sabine Chabrillat*, Asa Gholizadeh, Carsten Neumann, Daniel Berger, Robert Milewski, Y. Ogen, Eyal Ben-Dor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Extensive efforts are currently being devoted to the establishment of soil spectral libraries on regional, national, continent-wide and global domains. In particular, a new development goes in the direction of global harmonized soil spectral databases that shall be acquired following common standards and procedures so that they can be merged with other soil spectral libraries. The choice of standards is important, especially with respect to their behaviors when laboratory conditions, such as humidity, change. In this study, we test the application and robustness of the Internal Soil Standard (ISS) spectral re-alignment procedure on an extended number of soil samples acquired at different laboratories. In particular, a focus is placed on the comparison between two standards Lucky Bay (LB) and Wylie Bay (WB), for their performance with different humidity laboratory conditions. LB and WB are almost pure quartz sands from Australia. For this, 71 soil samples from Israel with different mineralogical background and variable soil organic matter contents are scanned at two laboratories. The scanning took place with different spectral measurement protocols and extreme diverse conditions in terms of laboratory humidity and moist. All scans are completed by the repeated scans of the two Australian white sands through all scan batches to harmonize the spectral measurements. Our results show that the ISS minimizes the visual spectral variation, aligns the minor and extreme systematic changes of the protocols, and makes them more stable. Furthermore, the LB and WB standards do not exhibit equal performance regarding to relatively dry and humid conditions. The WB standard provides more stable and satisfactory results in humid condition. However, the high performance of the LB sample in spectral correction is still observed, particularly in laboratories with lower moist. Accordingly, these analyses suggest that in the ISS re-alignment procedure, the WB sample is more reliable to be used in humid laboratory condition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113855
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019


FundersFunder number
EUFAR Expert Working Group
German Space Administration
Grantová Agentura České Republiky18-28126Y
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie
Tel Aviv University
Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam - Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ


    • Humidity
    • Internal Soil Standard
    • Laboratory condition
    • Soil spectral library
    • Spectroscopy


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